During the Byzantine period, textual evidence of the child-harming demon is most often found in exorcisms or demonologies.
Historian of ancient religion Sarah Iles Johnston suggests that this belief is expressed more commonly in earlier literature than has been noticed.
'This is where reproductive envy leads,' the myths seem to say, 'to exclusion from humanity and an eternity spent in restless wandering.' The psychological aspects of Gello were observed also by Leo Allatios in his work De Graecorum hodie quorundam opinionibus ("On the beliefs of the Greeks today").
She is regarded as a demon in exorcisms and commanded as an "unclean spirit" (akatharton pneuma).Allatios also records, but does not condone, the hanging of red coral or a head of garlic In Byzantine sources, the adversary of Gello is often St. 100 kostenlos partnersuche Wiesbaden Sisinnius or Sisoe, whose defeat of her is his most renowned deed.In literary texts and on amulets, the demon's adversaries are Solomon, saints, or angels.Knowledge of a demon's name was required to control or compel it; a demon could act under an alias.
A cross or image of Christ might be placed by a child's bed to ward off Gello or demons in general; burning lamps to illuminate sacred images and incense were also used in the bedroom.The practice of baptizing infants was thought to offer protection against demon-snatching, and specifically against the gello, according to Leo Allatios.Redundant naming is characteristic of magic charms, "stressing," as A. Barb noted in his classic essay "Antaura,"My first and special name is called Gyllou; the second Amorphous; the third Abyzou; the fourth Karkhous; the fifth Brianê; the sixth Bardellous; the seventh Aigyptianê; the eighth Barna; the ninth Kharkhanistrea; the tenth Adikia; (…) several of these names suggest recognizable Greek elements and can be deciphered as functional epithets: Petasia, "she who strikes"; Apleto, "boundless, limitless"; Paedopniktria, "child suffocator." Byzo is a form of Abyzou, abyssos, "the Deep," to which Pelagia ("she of the sea") is equivalent. Dating guys youre not attracted to Gello is named also in works by the polymaths John of Damascus (7th–8th century) and Michael Psellos (11th century), the latter of whom notes that he has found her only in "an apocryphal Hebrew book" ascribed to Solomon Because etymology in antiquity was interpretive and phonic, and not based on scientific linguistics, the Greeks themselves might have heard the root gel-, "grin, laugh," in the sense of mocking or grimacing, like the expression often found on the face of the Gorgon, to which Barb linked the reproductive demons in origin.'Fonder of children than Gello' is a saying applied to women who die prematurely (aôrôs), or to those who are fond of children but ruin them by their upbringing.Thus Gello in general blocked the cycle of reproduction.